The Curriculum

Surfleet Primary School follows the National Curriculum in all subjects and has adopted the local authority agreed syllabus for religious education. A new National Curriculum was introduced to schools in September 2014.

We believe that our curriculum provides rich experiences for the children. To further consolidate this, the children have many other opportunities to prepare them for modern life in Britain and to develop an appreciation of it. Examples include: welcoming guest speakers to talk about road and rail safety; participation in the ‘Bikewise’ scheme for Year 5 and Year 6 children to learn to ride their bike safely; teaching a range of religions and cultures in RE lessons and welcoming visitors to the school to further enhance understanding, as well as participating in activities that promote ‘British Values’, such as attending the local church for the ‘Remembrance Service’ each November.

Children are also given opportunities to have a voice and support their peers: we have an active School Council and children who work with the police in their role as ‘JPCSO’ and other children working with road safety advisors in their role as ‘JRSO’. Other roles within the school such as ‘House Captains’, ‘Peer Mediators’ and ‘Sports Leaders’ ensure that children have many chances to develop roles of responsibility and communication skills.

Surfleet Primary School teaches using a whole school curriculum topic each term; based on an overarching theme.  This theme is then differentiated throughout each ability group and class within the school by class teachers.  The overall themes covered by each curriculum topic can be seen in the following curriculum documents, which teachers use as a basis of their termly planning.  It is from these documents that succint planning and differentiation is further developed to meet the specific needs of our children.

At Surfleet Primary, we love reading!  We have recently updated our guided reading books and we are beginning to further develop and extend our school library.  We encourage the children to read regularly and we teach reading through the Read Write Inc synthetic phonics programme and guided reading sessions.

Read Write Inc is a whole school programme designed to create fluent readers, confident speakers and willing writers.  For further information, please see the Oxford Owl link and the Read Write Inc powerpoint.

Read Write Inc Powerpoint

Foundation Stage – Reception Year

Children spend their first year of school in the Foundation Stage.  During this time their curriculum is organised into the following areas, so that secure foundations can be embedded.
Three Prime Areas –

  • Communication and Language.
  • Physical Development.
  • Personal, Social and Emotional Development.

Four Specific Areas –

  • Literacy.
  • Mathematics.
  • Understanding the World.
  • Expressive Arts and Design.

Children in the Foundation Stage learn in a variety of ways and often a single activity may cover several different development areas.  The children in our Foundation Stage join in with the whole school curriculum topics but activities and focus areas are chosen from the whole school curriculum document and planned appropriately for EYFS.

Education in Year 1 to 6

We use a variety of different teaching styles and organise lessons according to each child’s needs and abilities.

The curriculum is broad and balanced which means that while we deliver high standards of teaching in Maths and English, we also believe that work in Science, Computing, Geography, R.E, History, D.T, P.E etc are important too.  By offering a varied curriculum it ensures that each child is offered something in which he/she can excel.

Children are tested formally in Key Stage 1 and at 11 years of age using SAT tests (Standard Assessment Tasks).  Teachers use assessment continually to monitor each individual child’s rate of progress.


English is taught in many different ways.  The National Curriculum programmes of study lay down firm foundations and build upon these throughout the 7 years that children are in school.  The Curriculum is a tool, which aids English teaching through providing a progression of skills.

Our aim is to make sure that children become competent readers who have a love of books, rather than just being able to read.  We hope that parents will enjoy reading with their child and encourage the child to talk about the story they have just read.  Parents are also asked to encourage their children to use either the library in school or the library in town.

We teach all aspects of writing, as appropriate to children’s ages.  English is also taught in other curriculum areas, such as research skills, speaking confidently and presenting findings are just a few ways in which children have English skills reinforced.  Drama is also used to bring other areas of the curriculum to life.


The National Curriculum programmes of study are used in our school to ensure that a progressive coverage of maths skills is taught throughout.  We use a range of resources to help deliver the curriculum.

There is an emphasis on mental arithmetic skills during the first part of our maths lessons.  The main part of the maths lesson will focus on a variety of maths topics including number skills, shape and space and measuring.

Children often work together on giving quick responses to help the teacher assess how much has been understood.  Emphasis is also placed on children using their maths skills in other subjects, for example measuring in Science or to find out how much materials will cost in Design and Technology.

We place a high priority in developing children’s knowledge in number skills and facts and their multiplication tables so that by the time children leave school they should be confident to use a range of mathematical skills in practical situations.


Children have a natural curiosity and we try to harness this through teaching them to think about how they can plan and carry out investigations. Making discoveries in a safe environment and finding out about the world around them and provides a firm foundation in which to build on at Secondary school.  A wide range of topics are covered such as life processes, materials and their properties and physical processes such as light and electricity.


Computing is taught across the curriculum and children are taught to handle data, text, numbers, sound and graphics.  Children also learn using computing equipment like cameras, CD players and computers.

The school has a bank of laptop computers that are used in classrooms and that link directly to the school’s computer network.

We believe that computing is a motivating and exciting teaching tool.  Both our classrooms and school hall have interactive whiteboards which enhance teaching and learning.

We hope that through our good computing provision we help children by teaching them skills that will be important in the future.

Surfleet Primary supervises responsible use of the Internet, including e-mail.
The schools Internet provider operates a filtering system that restricts access to inappropriate materials and we expect the children to follow the safe rules when using the internet.

History and Geography

Where possible we look to link both these subjects.  Where it is not possible, the subjects are taught separately.
History at Key Stage 1 teaches children to sequence events and to use common words and phrases that relate to the passing of time. Children are taught a range and depth of historical knowledge.  At Key Stage 2 children study topics such as Romans, World War II, Australia, Flight, Farming and Inventors.

Design and Technology (DT)

Children are taught skills in how to use different materials and tools correctly.  In Key Stage 1 children learn to think imaginatively and talk about what they like and dislike when making and designing.  They build on their experiences and learn how to design and make things safely.

In Key Stage 2 children work on a variety of designing and making activities.  They think about the properties of materials, how they are use and the needs of people who use them.  They plan what has to be done and identify what works well and what could be improved in their own designs and other people’s designs.

Art and Design

Developing the creativity and imagination of pupils is very important.  Children learn by exploring materials and techniques.  They learn about shape and space, pattern, texture and colour, and they use these to express their ideas and feelings in both two and three dimensional media.


During music children learn to listen carefully to a variety of music from a range of times and cultures.  They learn to play instruments, learn songs and sing with increasing confidence.

Personal, Social, Health and Citizenship Education

The personal development of all individuals is valued and actively encouraged in our school.  Children in both classes are involved in activities which help them to develop their personal and social skills throughout their school life.  Many issues are incorporated into other curriculum areas, whilst other topics are explored as specific lessons.

Surfleet Primary School is committed to the Government’s “Healthy Schools” standards and takes part in national initiatives such as the National Fruit Scheme.

Sex & Relationships Education

In the early years no specific SRE is given but will occur in various lessons and topics such as a topic on farm animals and discussions on baby animals.

In Year 6 children are taught SRE with possible guidance from our school nurse who also gives talks to the older girls about menstruation and personal hygiene.

Parents have the right to withdraw their children from all parts of SRE, but not from the biological aspects of human growth and reproduction necessary under the National Curriculum.

Physical Education (PE) and Swimming

PE is all about developing children’s enjoyment, confidence and skill in physical activity and introducing them to the pleasure of sport.  It plays an important part to a child’s development.  PE promotes personal, social, intellectual and physical skills and with it we try to foster co-operation, tolerance and self esteem.

In PE the emphasis is on acquiring new skills and improvement in performance.  Healthy competition is encouraged, particularly as children develop their ability to take part in competitive games.

Children take part in swimming lessons.  Children in Years 3 & 4 get a chance to go swimming for the whole of the academic year.  Our aim is to give children confidence in the water and to teach survival skills and basic swimming strokes.  We aim to have all children swimming at least 25 metres and to have acquired a good style by the time they transfer to Secondary school.

All children participate in a traditional Sports Day during the Summer Term.  Emphasis is on participation, enjoyment and personal performance.

Please note that we expect all children to wear PE kit (see Uniform). We also insist that children place importance on their safety and that of others.  Therefore no jewellery, ear rings or studs are permitted to be worn during PE sessions and long hair must be tied back.

Religious Education and Collective Worship

We have close links with the village Church and its community.  There is a daily act of collective worship taken by the Headteacher and other members of staff.

As in all schools, all acts of collective worship must me “wholly or mainly of a broadly Christian Character”.

The Governing Body at Surfleet has decided that the school should follow the Lincolnshire Agreed Syllabus for RE.

The Agreed Syllabus has two aims, which is to learn about religions and explore human experience and learn from religion and respond to human experience.  Christianity is taught as the main religion, along with other major world faiths and beliefs.

Under Section 9 of the 1988 Education Act “a pupil shall be wholly of partly removed from attendance at religious worship in the school or from receiving religious education given in the school or both if the parent of the pupils so wishes.”  Such requests should be discussed with the Headteacher.

Changes to the National Curriculum & Assessment

The DfE introduces changes to both the curriculum and the way in which we assess children in terms of their progress in key stages 1 and 2.

So what does the new curriculum mean for my child?

The new curriculum is more challenging than the previous national curriculum and there are higher expectations of what children need to know, understand and be able to do.

However, we have always judged the potential of children as they enter and travel through our school in order to ensure that we can help them achieve their very best. We do this through ensuring that our school curriculum is designed to engage and motivate your child to learn and to develop their skills, knowledge and understanding of the World in which we live and how together we can flourish through mutual respect and responsibility.

How will my child be assessed?

The level descriptors used to measure your child’s progress have been replaced with the term ‘ age related expectation.’ This means how well your child is able to apply their knowledge, understanding and skills in relation to children of the same age. The DfE has produced programmes of study for each age group in the primary age range which details what children are expected to know and do. This reported in school year groups so for example if your child is in year 3 are they able to demonstrate their ability as other year 3 (aged 8) children can across the country.

In order to ensure we are accurately judging your child’s performance within our school, we moderate our teacher judgements with other schools in the locality and we attend local authority moderation workshops to get the county perspective.

This will be/is followed up in some year groups using standardised tests in reading and mathematics to obtain an age standardized score.

How can I see the difference between the old and new curriculum?

The main aim is to raise standards, particularly as the UK is slipping down international student assessment league tables. Inspired by what is taught in the world’s most successful school systems, including Hong Kong, Singapore and Finland, as well as in the best UK schools, it’s designed to produce productive, creative and well educated students.

Although the new curriculum is intended to be more challenging, the content is actually slimmer than the current curriculum, focusing on essential core subject knowledge and skills such as essay writing and computer programming.

The table below summarises the main changes in the core subjects covered by the National Curriculum.

Subject What’s new?
  • Stronger emphasis on vocabulary development, grammar, punctuation and spelling (for example, the use of commas and apostrophes will be taught in KS1)
  • Handwriting – not currently assessed under the national curriculum – is expected to be fluent, legible and speedy
  • Spoken English has a greater emphasis, with children to be taught debating  and presenting skills
  • Five-year-olds will be expected to learn to count up to 100 (compared to 20 under the current curriculum) and learn number bonds to 20 (currently up to 10)
  • Simple fractions (1/4 and 1/2) will be taught from KS1, and by the end of primary school, children should be able to convert decimal fractions to simple fractions (e.g. 0.375 = 3/8)
  • By the age of nine, children will be expected to know times tables up to 12×12 (currently 10×10 by the end of primary school)
  • Calculators will not be introduced until near the end of KS2, to encourage mental arithmetic
  • Strong focus on scientific knowledge and language, rather than understanding the nature and methods of science in abstract terms
  • Evolution will be taught in primary schools for the first time
  • Non-core subjects like caring for animals will be replaced by topics like the human circulatory system
Design & technology
  • Afforded greater importance under the new curriculum, setting children on the path to becoming the designers and engineers of the future
  • More sophisticated use of design equipment such as electronics and robotics
  • In KS2, children will learn about how key events and individuals in design and technology have shaped the world
  • Currently not statutory, modern foreign language or ancient language (Latin or Greek) will be mandatory in KS2
  • Children will be expected to master basic grammar and accurate pronunciation and to converse, present, read and write in the language

What does this mean in terms of reporting my child’s progress?

All schools have a statutory duty to at least once a year provide a written report to parents outlining their child’s academic achievements, their other skills and abilities and their progress in school for each core subject (English, mathematics and science), religious education and the foundation subjects (history, geography, computing, art & design, design technology, music, PSHE, physical education and modern foreign languages). The school will advise you whether your child is meeting the age related expectations for the (core) subjects and how they are supporting your child if they are not.

In addition to this, if your child is taking statutory assessments(phonics or KS1 or KS2 tests), you will be informed of your child’s performance in these tests.

For the phonics screening check you will learn whether your child has met the threshold for the test i.e. the age related expectation.

In July (for the first publication of test results), parents of children in year 6 and year 2 will receive:

  • A raw score for each test
  • A scaled score in each test
  • Confirmation of whether or not their child has attained the national standard.

If you need any further information, please see your child’s class teacher.

Working collaboratively with

Pinchbeck East C of E Primary School Surfleet Primary School Spalding Primary School

Working together to provide an excellent education for all

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